Organometallic chemistry, which is formally defined as the chemical synthesis and reactivity of compounds bearing metal–carbon bonds, is a burgeoning field of study with a wide range of applications. Organometallic complexes, for example, are frequently utilised as catalysts in the manufacturing of commercial chemicals, materials such as polymers, as well as in fine chemical synthesis and medicinal chemistry research. Organometallic clusters have a multi-centered carbon-metal connection and the aggregation of numerous metal atoms. Organometallic receptors are still very important in molecular sensing chemistry.
Small organic molecules known as organocatalysts can catalyse processes in the absence of metals or metal ions. The word organocatalysis refers to the process of accelerating up chemical reactions by adding a substoichiometric amount of an organic component. The novelty of the concept, as well as the fact that the efficiency and selectivity of many organocatalytic reactions meet the standards of recognised organic reactions, has sparked a surge of interest in this sector during the last few years. Organocatalytic processes are proving to be effective methods for building complex molecular skeletons.
The biology of inorganic elements and compounds is the subject of bioinorganic chemistry. This includes studying the dynamics of metal ions in living systems, metalloprotein activity, and the use of inorganic therapies. The role of metals and nonmetals in biological systems is the subject of bioinorganic chemistry. Other than carbon, inorganic elements, particularly metals, are essential for biosystems to function. Photosynthesis, respiration, metal ion transport, enzymatic activity, and other biological processes are all covered under bioinorganic chemistry. It's a cutting-edge interdisciplinary science.