fter a few years of intensive research, recent studies of Anion Exchange Membrane Fuel Cells (AEMFCs) finally show cell performance at the required levels for automotive applications. This achievement was mainly due to the successful development of anion exchange membranes (AEMs) with considerable high hydroxide conductivity (100 mS cm-1 and above). Based on these high performance membranes, AEMFCs with power densities and limiting current densities higher than 1 W cm-2 and 4 A cm-2 have been recently achieved, which only a couple of years ago seemed far from possible. In order to achieve the next breakthrough in AEMFC technology, the following challenges need to be addressed: (A) the need for Pt-free (and PGM-free) catalysts highly active in alkaline medium, and (B) barriers in cell performance stability. Latest achievements in AEMFCs, as well as recent research on the above mentioned challenges will be presented and discussed during the talk.